Twilight Galaxies

Hidden deep
in time,
a tapestry
of galaxies
lie blinking
in the gloam,
veiled in youth
the fading sight
of narrow bands
and prying eyes.
A distant,
fiery blaze
of giants
robed in red,
their burnished cloaks
a muted light
within the creases
of the cosmos.
Spectral isles cast
in dark’s embrace,
they drift
and play
like phantoms
in the night.
Their stories etched
in starlight’s trace,
ghostly glimpses
revealing more
than we could
ever dream
to see.


A colour composite of galaxy AzTECC71 from multiple colour filters in the NIRCam instrument on the James Webb Space Telescope (Image Credit: Credit: J. McKinney/M. Franco/C. Casey/University of Texas at Austin).

This poem is inspired by recent research, which has revealed distant galaxies, reshaping our understanding of the universe’s evolution.

In the vast expanse of space, far beyond what we can see with traditional telescopes, lies a mysterious group of galaxies that have remained hidden from us. These galaxies are incredibly distant, existing when the universe was much younger than it is today. Their great distance makes them hard to detect with normal optical telescopes, which use visible light. Instead, these galaxies shine brightly in far-infrared light, a type of light invisible to the naked eye and detectable only with special instruments. This intriguing phenomenon suggests that there are many more of these distant, star-forming galaxies than we previously thought, hinting at a rich and unexplored chapter in the universe’s history of galaxy formation and evolution.

Recent advancements in space telescopes have opened a new window into this hidden world. The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), with its advanced capabilities, has been able to capture the light from these elusive galaxies. One such galaxy, known as AzTECC71, was discovered through its far-infrared glow, and confirmed by JWST. Previously undetected in the range of light visible to humans, AzTECC71 stands out as one of the reddest and most distant galaxies in the COSMOS-Web survey, an extensive study of the universe. The JWST’s observations reveal that AzTECC71 is both massive and incredibly bright in infrared light, like other galaxies of its kind that are hidden in the far reaches of space. This discovery suggests that the universe may be filled with many more such galaxies than we had imagined, potentially changing our understanding of how galaxies form and evolve over billions of years.

3 thoughts on “Twilight Galaxies”

  1. To Whom it May Concern

    I have professionally published a paper that adds to your arguments about “Twilight Galaxies”, but it does contest the reasons for the Redshift, and so, the reason for the Twilight. It is called: ||Frequency Decay through Electromagnetic Radiation Absorption and Re-Emission by Inter-Galactic Dark Matter as an Alternate Explanation for the Hubble Constant|| and is open access in the ||Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology||.
    I am a disabled man and so have very few contacts with the research environment. I hope I can hear from you

    • Thanks David,

      Sadly I am not the author of this study, merely the poet who interpreted it. However, from the link to the paper you will be able to get the lead author’s email address and send them an email for more info (and hopefully connections. ) 🙂

  2. Perhaps the audience for this poem needs more info on why the galaxies are so red?
    (They don’t look red to anything living there).
    Could that pull a stronger story out?


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