An Elephant Never Forgets

Once they roamed across the plains like gods,

Their gigantic frames drowning out the sun

As they paraded in quiet contemplation.

Jealous of their size and serenity

We hunted them to the brink of extinction,

Turning their beautiful pearly whites into

Piano keys, billiard balls, and minor objects of decorative value.

After we were told that this was inhumane

We found new ways to bring them to their knees,

Riding them like cheap cars and bathing

Them between yoga classes and cups of chai tea;

We were intent on finding ourselves,

No matter what got lost in the process.

After we were told that this was inhumane

We headed to the game reserves – scenic prisons

Built to keep us simultaneously out and in.

Now, as jailors we squash our sunburnt flesh

And lukewarm sandwiches into jeeps and

Joyfully race them to the watering hole.

Oblivious to the fact that this is not a race,

And that they are simply running away.

African elephants at a watering hole in Etosha National Park, Namibia.

This poem is inspired by recent research which has found that wildlife tourism may negatively affect African elephants’ behaviour.

Whilst there has been a large amount of research into the effect of tourism on local wildlife populations, less work has been conducted into non‐consumptive wildlife tourism, i.e. tourism where no direct interactions between animals and humans take place. One of the most popular types of non‐consumptive wildlife tourism is elephant watching, but its effect on local elephant populations has not previously been studied in depth.

In this new study, researchers observed elephants in the Madikwe Game Reserve in South Africa over a period of 15 months, recording the behaviour of elephants in relation to the overall number of tourists. They found that when the number of tourists was high the elephants were more likely to act aggressively towards one another. They also found that herds of elephants were more likely to move away from the tourists when many vehicles were present. Whilst this form of wildlife watching is undoubtedly better for elephant welfare than tourism that involves humans riding on the backs of elephants, this research has shown that it is not without its concerns. This research has also highlighted the need for game reserves to monitor elephant behaviour in relation to tourist pressure so that high welfare standards for the elephants and safety for the tourists may both be maintained.

An audio version of this poem can be heard here:


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