Magnetic Tides

Surging through the spray,
swelling hands
cast salty nets
through unseen lines.
Stripes of shaded power
that bulge
and swing
and sway.

Shearing swathes of surf
riling concentric fields
that push
and pull
and stay.

The strength of these convulsions
riding afore each crest,
pronouncing the spread
of devastation
that follows
in their wake.

Debris of every kind is spread across a beach following the 2009 Samoa tsunami (Image Credit: Casey Deshong).

This poem is inspired by recent research, which has found that the magnetic field generated by a tsunami can be detected before changes in sea level.

When a sudden displacement of a large volume of water occurs, or if the sea floor is suddenly raised or dropped by an earthquake, big tsunami waves can be formed. The waves travel out of the area of origin and can be extremely dangerous and damaging, reaching over 30 m in height when they arrive at the shore. As such, it is extremely important to develop early warning systems to predict when these tsunamis will strike, so that people can be moved to safety. These early warning systems often utilise information from seismic data, sea-level gauges, and buoy stations to generate models that forecast tsunami arrival times and estimate coastal impacts. Given that tsunamis move seawater (which is conductive) through the Earth’s geomagnetic field they generate their own magnetic fields in the process, and researchers have predicted that this phenomenon could potentially be used as an early warning signal for the arrival of a tsunami. However, there have previously been no simultaneous measurements of a tsunami’s magnetic field and sea level, which means that this hypothesis has remained unproven.

In this new study, researchers looked at simultaneous measurements of sea level change from seafloor pressure data and magnetic fields during two such events: the 2009 Samoa and 2010 Chile tsunamis. When the researchers compared the horizontal and vertical components of the tsunami magnetic field with sea level change, they found that both components can precisely predict tsunami sea level change. In fact the tsunami-generated magnetic field is so sensitive that even a wave height of a few centimetres in height can be detected. How much earlier the magnetic field arrives depends on water depth, but in their results, the researchers found the early arrival time to be about one minute prior to sea level change in a water depth of approximately 5 km. This relationship between magnetic fields and wave height can in turn be used to improve tsunami prediction models, thereby providing important data for disaster readiness and response teams.

8 thoughts on “Magnetic Tides”

  1. I like your poetry and I like your research. In a covid mad environment, it’s a breath of fresh air. This is an excellent way to follow the earth’s ruminations and should be employed NOW rather than when many studies are tricked into place by Brand Name “scientists”.

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